Liberty, Equality, and Redistribution

Conference for Students – April 12-14, 2019

Discussion Leader: John Tomasi, Brown University

Session I – Poverty and Charity before the Welfare State

Beito, David T. From Mutual Aid to the Welfare State: Fraternal Societies and Social Services, 1890–1967. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2000. “Introduction” (pages 1–4), Chapter 1, “This Enormous Army” (pages 5–16), Chapter 11, “The End of the Golden Age” (pages 204–221), and notes (pages 235–238 and 281–286).

Session II – Equality, Justice, and Envy

Schoeck, Helmut. Envy: A Theory of Social Behaviour. Indianapolis: Liberty Fund, Inc., 1987. Chapter 1, “Man the Envier” (pages 3-15), Chapter 14, “The Sense of Justice and the Idea of Equality” (pages 277-307).

Jouvenel, Bertrand de. The Ethics of Redistribution. Indianapolis: Liberty Fund, Inc., 1990. Selections from Lecture I, “The Socialist Ideal” (pages 3–32).

Session III – Equal Shares or Equal Treatment?

Rawls, John. Collected Papers. Edited by Samuel Freeman. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1999. Chapter 13, “A Kantian Conception of Equality (1975)” (pages 254–266).

Schmidtz, David. Elements of Justice. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2006. Chapter 19, “Does Equal Treatment Imply Equal Shares?” (pages 109–113), Chapter 20, “What is Equality for?” (pages 114–119), Chapter 22, “Equality and Opportunity” (pages 126–139), and Chapter 24, “The Limits of Equality” (pages 150–157).

Session IV – Freedom, Coercion, and the Market

Nozick, Robert. Anarchy, State, and Utopia. New York: Basic Books, Inc., 1974. Selections from Chapter 7, “Distributive Justice” (pages 149–164).

Olsaretti, Serena. Liberty, Desert and the Market: A Philosophical Study. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2004. Chapter 6, “The Free Market, Force and Choice: Beyond Libertarians and Their Critics” (pages 137–161).

Session V – Classical Liberalism, Social Justice, and the Concern for the Poor

Hayek, Friedrich A. Law, Legislation and Liberty, Volume 2: The Mirage of Social Justice [Phoenix Edition]. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1976, 1978. Chapter 9, “‘Social’ or Distributive Justice” (pages 62–100) and notes (pages 175–184).

Tullock, Gordon. The Selected Works of Gordon Tullock, Volume 1: Virginia Political Economy. Edited by Charles K. Rowley. Indianapolis: Liberty Fund, Inc., 2004. Selection from Chapter 5, “The Charity of the Uncharitable” (pages 262–275).

Session VI – The Logic of Redistribution

Wagner, Richard E. To Promote the General Welfare –– Market Processes vs. Political Transfers. San Francisco: Pacific Research Institute for Public Policy, 1989. Chapter 8, “The Transfer Society and the Welfare State” (pages 155–178) and Chapter 9, “The Welfare State versus the General Welfare” (pages 179–198).